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A nebulizer is medical equipment used by patients with asthma or other respiratory conditions, to administer the medication directly and quickly to the lungs. It turns liquid medicine into a very fine mist, which is inhaled through a face mask or mouthpiece. Taking medicine this way allows it to go straight into the lungs and the respiratory system. The nebulizer and the medicine it uses, require a prescription from a doctor or a healthcare provider.

Doctors typically prescribe nebulizers to people with one of the following lung disorders:


Normal air comprises 80% nitrogen and 20% oxygen. Individuals with low levels of oxygen, struggle with converting normal air into oxygen that their bodies need. An oxygen concentrator takes regular air and purifies it to 90-95% oxygen. To do this, the concentrator uses a compressor that moves air into sieve bed filters to remove the nitrogen. It then distributes the purified oxygen through hoses inserted into the nostrils. The nitrogen is later released back into the air. Oxygen concentrators are available in stationary and portable models.

  • Portable oxygen concentrators are smaller, weigh less, and offer better flexibility with power sources. For patients who live active lives and are often away from an ac power source, a portable oxygen concentrator is the best choice.

  • Stationary oxygen concentrators offer higher oxygen output and are less expensive. For oxygen patients requiring five or more liters of oxygen per minute, a home oxygen concentrator is the best choice.


Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy is one of the most recommended treatment options for patients who have obstructive sleep apnea. It is also used to treat infants whose lungs have not fully developed. CPAP machines use mild air pressure to keep the airways open and ensure that the airway does not collapse when the patient breathes while asleep.

CPAP therapy involves a CPAP machine, which comprises the following:

  1. A mask that covers the nose and mouth, or a mask that covers the nose only, or even prongs that fit into the nose.

  2. A tube that connects the mask to the CPAP machine's motor.

  3. A motor that blows air into the tube

The sleep technologist works with the patient to ensure that the air pressure from the machine is just enough to keep the airway open while they sleep.


  • Keeps the airway open during sleep.

  • Reduces or eliminates snoring.

  • Improves the quality of sleep.

  • Reduces or eliminates daytime sleepiness, a symptom of sleep apnea.

  • Circumvents or significantly reduces high blood pressure.


Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BiPAP, also referred to as BPAP) is very similar in function and design to a CPAP machine. Similar to a CPAP machine, a BiPAP machine is a non-invasive form of therapy for patients suffering from sleep apnea. CPAP machines can only be set to a single pressure that remains constant throughout the night. One of the complaints about CPAP devices is that some patients find the constant singular pressure difficult to exhale against. For patients with higher-pressure strengths, exhaling against the incoming air can feel difficult. BiPAP machines have two pressure settings: the prescribed pressure for inhalation (ipap), and a lower pressure for exhalation (epap). The dual settings allow the patient to get more air in and out of their lungs.

When is BiPAP prescribed?

  • BiPAP machines are often prescribed to sleep apnea patients with high-pressure settings or low oxygen levels.

  • They are often used after CPAP has failed to adequately treat certain patients.

  • BiPAPs can be helpful for patients with cardiopulmonary disorders such as congestive heart failure.

  • Often prescribed to people with lung disorders or certain neuromuscular disorders.


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